Debt and liquidity management

Debt and liquidity management (USDmillion)
Kind of debt As of 31 December 2017 As of 31 December 2018 Change
USD million %
Long-term 8,236 8,224 -12 0
Short-term 817 215 -602 -74
Total debt 9,053 8,439 -614 -7
Cash and cash equivalents 852 1,388 536 63
Net debt 8,201 7,051 -1,150 -14
Net debt /12M EBITDA 2,1x 1,1x -1,0x

As of December 31, 2018, the Company’s total debt decreased by 7% (or –USD 614 million) from December 31, 2017 and amounted to USD 8,439 million. The Company’s debt portfolio remained predominantly long-term at the end of 2018 with the share of long-term debt of 97% (or USD 8,224 million) as compared to 91% (or USD 8,236 million) as of December 31, 2017.

Net debt/12M EBITDA ratio reduced to 1.1x as of December 31, 2018 from 2.1x as of December 31, 2017. The reduction of leverage resulted both from the decline of net debt by 14% to USD 7,051 million through the increase in cash and cash equivalents by 63% to USD 1,388 million and decrease in the Company’s total debt and from increase of EBITDA by 56% (or +USD 2,236 million). Substantial growth of cash and cash equivalents was driven, inter alia, by the increase in advances received from customers in the amount of USD 900 million during 2018 at cost on par or lower of the cost of bank financing available for the Company. In 2018, the Company continued to build up and diversify its liquidity position, increasing committed credit lines to USD 4,290 million by December 31, 2018, and having registered in Q4 2018 the 30-year bond programme for a total amount of RUB 300 billion or the equivalent in other currencies.

In 2018, Nornickel continued to optimize its debt portfolio aiming at the extension of debt maturity and a reduction of foreign exchange risks of its financial liabilities, which allowed to maintain short-term debt refinancing risk as well as the share of RUB-denominated debt in the debt portfolio at a low level.