Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta became part of the Group in 2007. The Harjavalta facility processes the Company's Russian feedstock and nickel-bearing raw materials sourced from third-party suppliers.

Founded in 1960, Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta is the only nickel refinery in Finland and one of the largest such facilities in Europe. It has a total capacity to produce 66 ktpa of nickel products.

The facility uses sulphuric acid leaching, the best-in-industry global solution with the metal recovery rates of above 98%.

Smelting (NN Harjavalta)
Refining capacity utilisation (%)

In 2018, the refining facilities in Monchegorsk were gradually increasing their nickel feedstock supplies to Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta in line with the Group’s downstream facilities reconfiguration strategy. One-off and insignificant supplies of third-party feedstock, namely converter matte from Boliden Harjavalta (Finland), were sourced in Q2 and Q3 only, while nickel salts from other companies were sourced throughout 2018. Platinum and palladium recovery rates improved on the back of a drop in losses with ferrous cakes.

In 2018, Norilsk Nickel Harjavalta produced 60.8 kt of saleable nickel (up 2% y-o-y), hitting its all-time high. The growth was driven by the reconfiguration of refining facilities and increased nickel feedstock supplies from Kola MMC. The production of copper in copper cake totalled 18.0 kt, up 34% y-o-y. This growth was due to increased processing of Russian feedstock as part of the production reconfiguration exercise and using-up of the work-in-progress inventories. The production of saleable palladium and platinum in copper cake increased by 38% and 10% y-o-y, respectively. This was due to higher processing volumes of Russian feedstock and using-up of the work-in-progress inventories.

Saleable nickel output by product in 2018 (%)
Metals output
Metal 2016 2017 2018
Saleable nickel, kt 53.65 59.72 60.77
from own Russian feed 19.01 55.02 59.34
Copper in copper cake, kt 9.60 13.44 18.04
from own Russian feed 0.59 12.33 17.98
Palladium in copper cake, koz 64 42 58
from own Russian feed 8 35 58
Platinum in copper cake, koz 22 10 11
from own Russian feed 2 6 11